Basic Technology Examination Questions and Answers for Junior School students (JSS1)

Instructions: Answer all questions in SECTION A and FIVE questions in SECTION B. marks will be awarded to neatness in draughmanship .

Each question in Section A is followed by four options, choose the correct option for each question and shade the correct answer corresponding to the option you have chosen in your answer sheet.


1. The application of a scientific know-how to solve societal problems is referred to as ______ A. Arts B. Culture C. Technology D. Drawing
2. The portion on the paper set aside for necessary information such as size, name of object, name and date of drawing is called the _________ A. Borderline B. Drawing space C. Title block D. Information table
3. For safety purpose a good workshop should have the following EXCEPT _____ A. A very smooth and tiled floor B. Adequate ventilation C. Effective space allocation D. Correct ceiling height
4.Which of the following is NOT a reason for studying technology?
A. Acquisition of skills B. Safety C. Pride D. Self empowerment

5. Distance “P” in the sketch below measures ___________mm

A.22mm B. 29mm C. 0.26mm D. 28.3mm

6. Protective clothes are worn in the workshop to ensure _____ to the workers A. Accident B. Safety C. Wetness D. Fashion

7. Technological growth of any society encourages A. Dependency

B. White Collar jobs C. Industrial strike D. Self reliance

8.The polygon drawn below is referred to as _______

9. Heptagon B. Pentagon C. Hexagon D. Octagon

10.Which of the following is a good conductor of heat? A. Rubber B. Copper C. Wood D. Ceramics
11. All of the following are engineering materials EXCEPT ______ A. Metal B. Ceramics C. Air D. Rubber

12. Which of these appliance does NOT belong to the group? A. Electric cooker B. Water heater C. Electric fan D. Electric iron

13. A car can be lifted by one of the following simple machines A. Wedge B. lever C. Screwjack D. Inclined plane

14. The property of metal that gives it shinny appearance is called ______ A. Ductility B. Elasticity C. Lustre D. Malleability

15. The development of technology in any country requires a great deal of _____ A. political campaigns B. Interest, determination and hardwork C. soicalamenities D. Cultural jamborees

16. The tool drawn below is a typical example of _____ tool Wordwork B. Metalwork C. Driving D. Ceramic work

17. An alloy is defined as __________ A. The simplest form of a chemical reaction B. Element that are very reactive in nature C. A combination of two or more metals D. An electronic configuration of elements.

18. The triangle shown above is ________ A. equilateral B. Isosceless C. Acute D. Scale

19. Which of these is NOT one of the safety rules for machine users? A. Work only with properly guarded machines B. Switch off machine after use C. Distract a machine operator D.  Do not lean on running machine

20. On drawing sheet, all horizontal lines are drawn with _____ A. Set-squares B. Ruler C. Tee-square D. Compass

21. Circle and arcs are best drawn with _________ A. Set-squares B. Drawing boards C. Compasses D. Protractor

22. The drawing instrument shown below is used for drawing______ A. Curve lines B. Horizontal lines C. Zig-zag lines D. Long-short lines

23. Which of the following is regarded as safe working habit in the workshop A. Putting sharp edge tools in the pocket B. Distracting a machine operator C. Keeping tools carelessly D. Avoiding congested working area.

24. Class “A” fire agents are listed below EXCEPT one is not among the group A. Oil B. Wood C. Paper D. Cloth

25. Which of these is a disadvantage of an under-developed technology
A. It saves time and energy B. It helps in economic growth C. It does thing manually D. It makes life comfortable.

26. A quadrilateral with all sides equal but no right angle is a ________ A. Cube B. Rhombus C. Square D. Rectangle
27. Which of these devices is used to convert mechanical energy into electrical energy? A. Table fan B. Electric motor C. Electric lamp D. Generator

28. The drawing instrument shown below is used for drawing __________A. Curves B. Letters C. Angles D. Circles

29. The construction carried out below demonstrates A. bisection of line B. Perpendicular line
C. Bisection of angle D. Division

30. Which of the following is a product of developed technology? A. Broom B. Box-iron C. Letter D. Tricycle

31. The following are basic needs for development EXCEPT ____ A. Flowering plant B. Schools C. Hospitals D. Bridges

32. Metals that contains iron are called _____ A. Lustre B. Ferrous C. Aluminum D. Lead

33. Deciduous trees possess the following features EXCEPT ____ A. The seeds are enclosed in cases B. Broad leaves C. Evergreen leaves D. It has heavy heart wood

34. The part of the cross section of the tree trunk labeled “P” is referred to as ____ A. Medullary rays B. Sap C. Cambium D. Pith

35. The part of a tree that carries soap or moisture content is called ____ A. Root B. Pith C. Back D. Cambium

36. Which of the following is NOT an example of a coniferous tree? A. Pine B. Spruce C. Whispering tree D. Iroko

37. Walk, do not run in the workshop is a measure for _____ A. Load B. Effort C. Safety D. Services

38. The attention given to machine to avoid major break is called ____ maintenance A. Preventive B. Corrective C. Predictive D. Routine
39. A device that put off flames in case of fire outbreak in the workshop is called _____ A Tool box B. Extinguisher C. Hose D. Brittle

40. The act of care and attention given to machine for it to last longer is known as ___ A. Hauling B. Safety C. processing D. Maintenance

41. The best instrument in drawing practice for transferring measurement is called ______ A. Compass B. Tee-square C. Ruler D. A pair of divider

42. The following are examples of a drawing paper EXCEPT ___ A. A 1/2 B. A3 C. A0 D. A4

43. One of these is NOT a first aid material A. Plaster B. Hand gloves
C. Nails D. Cotton Wool

44. Which of the following is represented by the sketch of the simple machine shown below Knife B. Bottle opener C. Scissors D. Pliers

45. The simple machine below represents what class of level A. 1st B. 2nd C. 3rd D. O

46. An arrangement that makes work simple with less stress is called ____ A. Iron B. Hammer C. Deciduous D. Machine.

47. The correct definition of mechanical advantage, M. A is ____ A. Load-effort B. Load + effort D. Load ÷ effort D. Load x effort

48. The following are natural resources for transferring technology EXCEPT _____ A. Machine B. trees C. Crude oil D. Gold

49. An electric kettle has a body made of ______ A. Wood B. Alluminum C. Steel D. Rubber

50. The purpose of mechanical advantage in a machine is to ______
A. Avoid stress on the machine B. Check the efficiency of the machine C. reduce the strength of the machine D. Increase damage on the machine

51. Brass is an alloy of _____ and _____ A. Copper, Zinc B. Bronze, tin C. Aluminium, lead D. Tin, Silver



Answer any five questions

1a. What is workshop safety?
b. Mention five safe working habit in the school workshop

2a. Define the term technology?
b. Differentiate between developed and under-developed technology with one economic activity for each.

3a. What is Mechanical advantage of a simple machine?
b. Explain the principle of operation of first and second order lever machine with one application each.

4a. Describe an alloy?
b. List FOUR types of alloy

5a. Define the term maintenance
b. List Three types of maintenance and explain each one

6a. What is First Aid Treatment?
b. Calculate the mechanical advantage in a screwjack needed to lift a load 90kg with an applied effort of 15kg.


1. Draw a title block 150 x 50 and print the following informations
(a) School (b) Name (c) Class (d) Title (f) Date

2. Make a large freehand sketch of a claw hammer

3. Draw a line of 120mm and divide it into 6 equal parts.

4a. Construct a bisection on a hire AB = 90mm
b. Draw a circle of radius 40mm and divide it into 8 equal sector


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