Geography Examination Questions for Senior Secondary School (ss3)|Exam Questions


Geography Examination Questions for Senior Secondary School (ss3)|Exam Questions


  • CLASS: SS 3
  • TIME: 2 1/2 HRS

Answer all the questions


  1. Which of the following is not being exported by Nigeria at present  (a) Cocoa  (b) Columbite  (c) hides and skin
  2. Which of the following is a typical ocean floor feature? (a) Roche (B) Moutonnee  (c) deep sea plain  (d) cave
  3. When the roof of a coastal care collapse ,it forms (a) a doline  (b) a geo  (c) a gorge (d) a lagoon
  4.  Soil profile refers to the ……… of the soil  (a) gradient  (b) slope (c)  vertical section  (d) mineral composition
  5. The layer of earth found immediately beneath the crest is called _____ (a) Hydrosphere (b) Lithosphere (c) mesosphere  (d) Biosphere
  6. The busiest shipping route in the world is (a) South Atlantic, cape route (b) The Mediterranean. Asiatic route  (c) The North Pacific Route  (d) The North Atlantic Route
  7. The two most populous and heavily industrialized parts of the world are (a) Western Europe and the Caribbean countries (b) Eastern part of North American and the West Coasts of Africa America. (d) Eastern part of North  America and Argentina
  8. Which of the following planets has the shortest orbits around the sun?  (a) Pluto  (b) Venus  (C) Mercury  (d) Mars
  9. The apparent movement of the sun occurs between the  (a) North pole and South pole  (b) Tropic of cancer and tropic of Capricorn  (c) Equator and North pole  (c) Arctic circle and Antarctic circle

10.     When the moon is seen between the sun and the earth there is (a) Eclipse of the sun (b) Eclipse of the moon (c) Partial Eclipse (d) Total eclipse

11.     Changes of seasons is a result (a) Inclination of the rotation of the earth  (b) Inclination of the earth only (d)  Revolution  and inclination of the earth .

12.     Tides are caused by the gravitational pull of (a) The mars and the sun (b) Stars and the ocean (d) the stars and the moon.

13.     Which of the following is a plutonic rock? (a) Granite (b) Coal (c) Basket (d) Quartzite

14.     Which of the following is a metamorphic rock?  (a) Sandstone (b) Graphite (c) Dolomite (d) Basalt

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15.     Which of the following features is not associated with Vulcanicity?  (a) Sill (b) Laccolith (c) Batholiths   (d) canyon

16.     When magma intrudes along the bedding planes, it solidifies to form a (a) Dyke (b) Sill (c) Batholith 

17.     A features not associated with chalk and limestone region is (a) Swallow–hole (b) Stalactite (C) Dry valley (d) Barchan

18.     The prevent types of rock in a Karst  landscape is   (a) Grante (b) Conglomerates  (c) Limestone  (d) Basalt

19.     The permanent rock in which ground water is stored is known as (a) Catena (b) aquifer (c) playa (d) polje

20.     A major feature found in a river in its youthful stage is. (a) waterfall (b) Delta  (c) Meander  (d) flood plain

21.     The most powerful agent of marine erosion is the (a) Swash (b) Winds (c) Waves (d) undertow

22.     When the cave roof of a blow hole collapse, the narrow roads inlet created is known as (a) geo (b) gloup   (c) Dyke (d) Split 

23.     In the desert , the area which is fertile known as  (a) Wadi (b) Oasi (c) Salina  (d) Playa

24.     Which of the following gives the best explanation for the high daily temperature ranges in hot deserts? (a) cloudless sky (b) low rainfall  (c) bare surface  (d) midday overhead sun

25.     The instrument for measuring wind speed is the   (a) wind rose (b) anemometer (c) wind vane (d) barometer

26.     Places with equal air pressure are shown on maps by lines called (a) Isotherms (b) Contours (c) Isobars (d) Isohalines

27.     The layer of the atmosphere which is responsible for the weather on the surface of the earth is known as (a) Thermosphere (b) Mesosphere (c) Troposphere (d) Ionosphere

28.     Which of the following may occur as a result of concentration of carbon dioxide and sulphuric compounds in the atmosphere? (a) Cyclonic rain (b) Acid rain (c) Hurricanes (d) Thunderstorms

29.     The dark colour of the soli often indicates the (a) rate of weathering (b) Mineral and humus content (c) extent of erosion (d) Nature of parent rock.

30.     The forest is luxuriant and evergreen, it has three distinct layers of trees. Typical trees include mahogany, Iroko, and ebony which vegetation belt is described above? (a) Warm temperate forest (b) Tropical rain forest (c) coniferous forest (d) Mediterranean forest

31.     Which of the following is not an example of tropical hard wood? (a) Spade (b) Iroko (c) Wawa (d) Obeche 

32.     Which of the following farm practices can be used to check soil erosion? (a) Monoculture (b) Bush burning (c) Shifting Cultivation (d) Terrace farming.

33.     Which of the following areas has high population density? (a) The middle belt of West Africa (b) The Nile basin (c) The Amazon basin (d) Queen land in Australia

34.     A conurbation is (a) a city which extends over a million hectares of land and is characterised by skyscrapers (b)  a large city with over one million people  (c) a merger of more than one settlement to form a continuous built-up area, with each retaining its identify  (d) The concentration of settlement along both sides of a road

35.     Urbanization can be described as (a) Growth of towns in terms of number, population and size (b) Eventual merging of two urban centres to form a single sprawling city (c) Migration of people from urban to rural areas.

36.     Which of the following is not a problem of urbanization in West Africa? (a) Development of slums (b) Increase in prostitution (c) Establishment of industries (d) Poor waste management

37.     Which of the following is a secondary economic activity? (a) Bauxite mining (b) Petty trading (c) Food processing  (d) mixed farming

38.     Which of the following is not an important industrial region in Nigeria? (a) The middle belt of Nigeria (b) North central industrial zone (c) Western part of Nigeria (d) The East Central industrial zone

39.     The practice of cultivating crops and rearing animals on the same farm is known as (a) mixed farming (b) mixed cropping (c) shifting cultivation (d) transhumance

40.     River transportation is mostly limited in Africa by (a) drainage (b) relief (c) waterfalls (d) weather

41.     Which of the following is not a major reason for the location of industries near urban centres in West Africa? (a) Cheap labour (b) Ready market (c) Availability of power (d) Promotion of export

42.     Which of the following is the most important factor limiting the volume of trade among West African countries? (a) emergence of trade blocks (b) production of similar products (c) size of market (d) too many political boundaries

43.     Which of the following economic activities is not practised in the Southern part of West Africa? (a) Cocoa cultivation (b) Oil palm production (c) Cattle rearing (d) Mineral processing

44.     Cork-oak is to Mediterranean lands as cactus is to (a) Temperate lands (b) Tropical lands (c) Hot desert lands (d) Equatorial lands

45.     Which of the following is the major effect of drought in the Sahel region of West Africa? (a) Increased solar energy (b) population migration (c) Temperature inversion (d) Rapid development of cities

46.     Through which of the following sea routes is crude oil from West Africa transported to European markets? (a) The Panama Canal route (b) The Cape route (c) The Suez Canel route (d) The North Atlantic route

47.     What method of mining is used for extracting petroleum in Africa? (a) Crushing (b) Drilling (c) Adit (d) Open Cast

48.     What is the name of the local wind that blows in West Africa between November and February? (a) Harmattan (b) Chinook (c) Monsoon wind (d) land breeze

49.     Which of the following modes of transportation provides door-to-door services? (a) Road transport (b) Rail transport (c) Ocean navigation (d) air transport

50.     Which of the following is the first stage in the process of lumbering? (a) trees are cut into logs (b) suitable species are identified (c) trees are felled with  power saw (d) platforms are built for buttress trees

Study the map ADAGOLE DISTRICT, attached and use it to answer questions 51 to 60

51.     The scale of the map in statement form is (a) 1 centimetre on the map represents 1 kilometre on the ground (b) 2 centimetres on the map represents 1 kilometre on the ground (c) 3 centimetres on the map represents 1 kilometre on the ground (d) 4 centimetres on the map represents 1 kilometre on the ground

52.     Farming is common in the (a) North Western part of the map (b) North Eastern part of the map (c) South Western part of the map (d) South Eastern part of the map

53.     The Western part of R. Gembeh flows through (a) a delta (b) a gorge (c) a levee (d) an undulating plain

54.     The point where R. Isbo meets with R. Gembeh is called (a) an entrepot (b) a watershed (c) a lagoon (d) a confluence

55.     The contour interval on the map is (a) 50metres (b) 100 metres (c) 150 metres (d) 200 metres

56.     The lowest point in the mapped area is (a) North-east (b) South-east (c) South-west (d) North-west

57.     The distance as the crow flies from Bebe to Bodel is (a) 12.75km (b) 10.00km (c) 7.25km (d) 5.25km

58.     The bearing of Bodel from Bede is (a) 25.0o (b) 255.0o (c) 115.0o (d) 150.0o

59.     Which of the following statements is true about the drainage of the mapped area? (a) The watershed from which the rivers take their sources is in the North-west (b) R. Isbo and R. Gembeh are the two rivers that drain the district (c) R. Gembeh has many distributaries (d) An ox-bow lake has been formed at the point of intersection of R. Isbo and R. Gembeh

60.     The common modes of transportation in the mapped area are (a) railway and water (b) pipeline and railway (c) road and water (d) air and water


Answer four questions in all

1a.     Give fur reasons why countries engage in world trade (4 marks)

b.       Name any two sea routes through which Nigeria trades with the outside world (2 marks)

c.       Name four commodities of international trade between Nigeria and other countries (two import and two export). (4 marks)

2a.     On a sketch map of Nigeria, locate and name

(i)      two game reserves (4 marks)

(ii)      one important town in each of the areas identified above (2 marks)

b.       Suggest three ways by which tourism may be boosted in Nigeria (3 marks)

3a.     Name the three types of rainfall (3 marks)

b.       With the aid of relevant diagrams, describe the formation and characteristics of any two types named above (7 marks)

4a.     What is the shape of the earth? (2 marks)

b.       With the aid of appropriate diagrams, give four proofs to support your answer in (a) above.

5.       Represent the information in table (1) below by means of pie chart, the value of the most important exports of Nigeria in 1980, both in percentage and in degrees.

A table showing value of the most important exports of Nigeria in 1980

Export Product Value in Million
Cocoa Groundnut Petroleum Coal Others 200 140 240 50 90

6a.     What is Environmental Pollution? (2 marks)

b.       Describe three cause of environmental pollution. (6 marks)

c.       Outline two ways in which environmental pollution can be controlled. (2 marks)

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