Geography Questions and Answers for Secondary School Students

Are you searching for Geography test/Examination questions?This page contains over 100+ Well prepared Geography questions.

These Exam Questions and Answers were compiled to serve as a reference material to help teachers set tests and examination questions.School pupils/tutors will find it very helpful in revision and exam preparation.


• Based on the NERDC curriculum (UBE compliant)
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Choose the correct option
1. ______ is a career in geography A. Pharmacy B. Meteorology
C. Human relations D. Banking and Finance
2. _______ is NOT one of the subdivision in Geography A. Physical geography B. Human geography C. Water coding D. Cartography
3. ______ is made up of the village or town of the Local Government Area in which the school is situated A. City B. Locality C. Metropolis D. Capital
4. _____ is a function common to both villages and towns in Nigeria A. Administrative centres B. Civil centres C. Residential centres D. Social centres
5. ____ is a physical feature of the environment A. Market B. Church C. Rivers D. Post offices
6. ________ is NOT a characteristic of a vllage A. It contains homogenous people B. It is made up of few buildings C. It contains heterogeneous people D. The village has few social amenities
7. ______ is one characteristic of a town A. Few building B. Inhabitants are mostly involved in secondary activities C. Few Social amenities D. Made up of homogenous people
8. There are ____ Local governments in Akwa Ibom State A. 40 B. 31 C. 29 D. 18
9. Uyo shares a boundary with local government such as Uruan, Itu and ___ A. Ikot Ekpene B. Essien Udium C. Ini D. Ibesikpo Asutan
10. Most villages with forests are engaged in ___ activities A. Fishing B. Lumbering C. Art and Crafts D. Capentry
11. Uyo has ______ seasons A. 3 B. 2 C. 5 D. 7
12. The path followed by each planet round the sun is known as its ____ A. Greek B. Orbit C. Sphere D. Cycle
13. _____ is the second planet closest to the sun A. Earth B. Venus C. Mecury D. Saturn
14. The only planet that supports the existence of plants and animals is _____ A. Mans B. Earth C. Venus D. Uranus
15. ______ is the largest planet in the solar system A. Saturn B. Jupiter C. Nepture D. Uranus
16. Saturn has a diameter of ____ A. 118,000km B. 119,700km C. 202, 110km D. 180,110km
17. The orbit of ____ is in a clockwise direction unlike other planets
A. Mars B. Earth C. Uranus D. Venus
18. _____ has been diclassified A. Nepture B. Pluto C. Mars D. Jupiter
19. The equatorial circumference of the earth is _____ A. 12,722km
B. 443 million km2 C. 40,085km D. 39,988km
20. A Spanish sailor ______ and his crew sailed round the earth and proved that the earth is circular not flat A. Beethoven B. Ferdwand Magellen C. Michael Angelo D. Leonard Da Vinci
21. _______ is NOT one of the proof of the earth’s pheriority A. Aerial photographs B. sunset and sunrise C. Shape of other planets D. Dawn and tunlight
22. The diagram below explains how _____ is a proof of the sphericity of the earth

A. Aerial photographs B. ships visibility C. Shape of other planets D. Sunrise and sunset

23. All other planets and planetary bodies, when viewed from a telescope show circular shapes. True or False
24. The earth _____ round the sun in an anticlockwise direction once every _____ A. Rotates, 360 B. Spins, 365 C. Revolves, 365¼
D. Turns, 180.
25. ______ is an effect of rotation of the earth A. Varying length of day and night B. Deflection of planetary winds and currents C. Changes in the attitude of the midday sun D. Changes in the seasons
26. Generally there is a time difference of one hour for every ____ degree of longitude A. 180 B. 150 C. 3600 D. 1800
27. The earth’s rotation coupled with _____ exerted by the moon causes daily rise and fall of tides A. Gravitational pull B. Planetary winds
C. Corolis force D. Kinetic energy
28. Around the _____ regions, there is hardly any variation in the length of day and night throughout the year A. Temperate B. Polar C. Equatorial D. Oceanic

29. In the temperate regions, the four seasons are: A. Summer, winter, harmatan, drought B. Fog, thunder, rainy season, snow C. Wet season, dry season, harvest season, autumn D. Summer, winter, autumn, spring
30. _____ are imaginary lines drawn on the globe running from west to east A. Latitudes B. Longitudes C. Tropics D. Rivers
31. Latitude and longitudes are both used to determine time True or False
32. All longitudes have equal ____ A. Lines B. Circumference
D. Diameter D. Shape
33. ______ divide the earth into equal hemispheres A. Solstice
B. Greenwich C. Great circle D. North pole
34. Lines of latitudes can also be called ____ of latitude A. Meridien
B. Greenwich C. GPS D. Parallels
35. Each latitude is a complete circle. True or False
36. _____ means equal day and night A. Equator B. Midnight sun
C. Equinox D. Hemisphere
37. _____ is the time of the year when the sun reaches its maximum declination from the equator A. Equinox B. Solstice C. Midnight sun D. Orbit
38. Midnight sun can be seen in the ____ regions during summer solstice A. Tropic B. Oceanic C. Desert D. Artic
39. _______ is one of the reason why the sun can be seen at the ontartic region during the summer solstice A. The tilting of the earth at an angle of 66½0 B. The tropic of cancer and Capricorn are enemies B. The tropic of cancer and Capricorn are enemies C. Lunar eclipse D. The declassification of planet Pluto
40. Calculate the approx distance between Norway 610S and beyond 420N A. 11000km B. 11433km C. 5248km D. 8104km
41. Calculate the approximate distance between Mambi 240N and Egbin 810N. A. 6000km B. 6120km C. 6327km D. 6484km
42. What is the full meaning of GMT? _________ A. Greenwich Meridien Time B. Greenwich Man Time C. Great Measure of Time D. Global Meeting Time
43. _______ is NOT a local government area in Akwa Ibom State. A. Etinan B. Nsit Ibom C. Isiala Ngwa D. Uyo



1a. Mention SIX importance of geography
b. With THREE points, discuss the scope of geography

2a. State THREE differences between a village and town
b. Discuss Uyo under: Physical characteristics with reference to these: vegetation, location, relief

3a. Write about the solar system. State three points or characteristics
b. Identify the last THREE planets (with respect to distance from the sun) and state ONE characteristic each

4. With the use of diagrams, identify four proof of spherienty of the earth
b. What is the distance of the earth from the sun?

5a. Identify and explain THREE effects of
i. Rotation of the earth
ii. Revolution of the earth
b. Write short notes on
i. Midnight sun
ii. Solstice
iii. Create circle

6a. State THREE differences between Latitude and Longitude
b. Draw an outline of the map of Akwa Ibom State, locate any two local government areas, correctly.

7a. A boxing tournament is scheduled to take place by 8.00pm local time in Los Angeles. (750W). At what time should boxing fans in Nigeria (150E) switch on their televisions to watch the commencement of the match
b. Draw a detailed diagram showing the structure of the earth

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